China talking with European Space Agency about moon outpost

Representatives of China and the European Space Agency are discussing potential collaboration on a human outpost on the moon and other possible joint endeavors, according to a spokesman for the European agency and Chinese media reports.

据欧洲航天局一位发言人和中国媒体的消息,来自中方和欧洲航天局的代表正在探讨合作建立月球基地的计划,以及其他可能的合作项目。

The secretary general for China’s space agency, Tian Yulong, first disclosed the talks about the envisioned lunar base?in Chinese state media. They were confirmed Wednesday by Pal Hvistendahl, a spokesman for the European Space Agency, or ESA.

中国国家航天局秘书长田玉龙最先在中国官方媒体披露了有关建立月球基地的探讨。4月26日,欧洲航天局发言人赫韦斯滕达证实了这一消息。

“The Chinese have a very ambitious moon program already in place,” Hvistendahl said. “Space has changed since the space race of the ’60s. We recognize that to explore space for peaceful purposes, we do international cooperation.”

赫韦斯滕达说:“中方已经有雄心勃勃的月球计划。上世纪60年代太空竞赛以来,航天领域已经发生了变化。我们认识到,为了以和平目的探索太空,我们要进行国际合作。”

The director general of the 22-member ESA, Johann-Dietrich Woerner, has described its proposed “Moon Village” as a potential international launching pad for future missions to Mars and a chance to develop space tourism or even lunar mining.

欧洲航天局局长沃尔纳称,除了作为将来可能用作火星任务的国际发射台,计划中的“月球村”还将为开发太空旅游、甚至月球采矿提供机遇。欧洲航天局共有22个成员国。

China arrived relatively late to space travel but has ramped up its program since its first manned spaceflight in 2003, more than 42 years after a Soviet cosmonaut became the first to reach orbit.

虽然中国的太空之旅开展相对较晚,但自2003年首次实现载人航天飞行以来,中国加快了太空项目的步伐。1961年,前苏联一位宇航员成为第一个进入太空的人。

Last week the China National Space Administration launched an unmanned spacecraft on a mission to dock with its space station. It plans to launch a mission to collect samples from the moon by the end of this year and next year conduct the first mission to the moon’s far side and bring back mineral samples.

上周,中国国家航天局发射一艘无人货运飞船,并将与空间实验室对接。今年年底,中国计划发射航天器前往月球取样,明年将发射探测器登陆月球背面,并带回矿物样本,这将系人类首次。

The ESA hopes to conduct a mission analysis on samples brought back by this year’s Chinese mission, known as Chang’e 5, and also have a European flying on the Chinese space station at some future date, Hvistendahl said.

赫韦斯滕达表示,欧洲航天局希望对“嫦娥五号”今年将带回的样本进行分析,并在将来派宇航员前往中国的空间站。

Source: Yaning from language.chinadaily.com.cn

Aerial photo shows China’s spacecraft tracking ship Yuanwang-3 sailing in the sea, on June 26, 2019. China’s spacecraft tracking ship Yuanwang-3 wrapped up its mission of monitoring the 46th satellite of the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) and arrived at a port in east China’s Jiangsu Province Monday. The tracking ship has traveled more than 30,000 nautical miles in the one-month monitoring mission. China sent the 46th satellite of the BDS into space from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan Province on June 25 and Yuanwang-3 completed the maritime monitoring mission of the satellite launch from the southern Pacific Ocean. Yuanwang-3, China’s second-generation space tracking ship, has completed 83 monitoring missions from the sea, including maritime tracking of the Shenzhou spacecraft, the Chang’e lunar probe and BeiDou satellites. (Xinhua/Li Yuze)

China’s spacecraft tracking ship Yuanwang-3 wrapped up its mission of monitoring the 46th satellite of the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) and arrived at a port in east China’s Jiangsu Province Monday.

The tracking ship has traveled more than 30,000 nautical miles in the one-month monitoring mission.

China sent the 46th satellite of the BDS into space from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan Province on June 25 and Yuanwang-3 completed the maritime monitoring mission of the satellite launch from the southern Pacific Ocean.

Yuanwang-3, China’s second-generation space tracking ship, has completed 83 monitoring missions from the sea, including maritime tracking of the Shenzhou spacecraft, the Chang’e lunar probe and BeiDou satellites.

China-US trade talks in Washington that ended on Friday brought the two countries closer. Washington and Beijing have engaged in constructive negotiations over the trade balance, technology transfer, protection of intellectual property rights, enforcement mechanisms and other issues of concern to China. A timetable and road map for further negotiations have also been clarified by both sides. One month before the March 1 deadline, this round of talks has provided a driving force for the two sides and a positive signal to the market.

US President Donald Trump met Chinese Vice Premier Liu He on Thursday and posted optimistic messages on Twitter. He also expressed expectation for talks with Chinese President Xi Jinping in the near future.

It seems that Washington and Beijing have understood each other more deeply after over 10 months’ confrontations. The world’s two largest economies have discovered a new path to manage differences and solve problems based on consensus of the two heads of state.

The trade talks are in essence aimed at implementing such a consensus reached at the G20 summit in Argentina on December 1. President Xi and President Trump have played apivotal role in making things smooth.

China and the US so far have resolved many differences, especially in increasing China imports from the US to reduce the trade imbalance. There are still difficulties that need to be overcome. But given the huge benefits that a trade deal would bring about, there is no reason for Beijing and Washington to resist an end to the trade war.

The basic nature of trade determines that trade negotiations must lead to win-win results. Both China and the US know this well. Although both sides sometimes resort to tit-for-tat tactics in negotiations, they also leave room for mutually beneficial results.

China and the US made a breakthrough in bridging differences. The increasing trade balance concerns the US, while expanding exports from the US to China is also beneficial to satisfying the Chinese people’s demand for a better life. What both sides need to do is to coordinate and integrate the two things.

The US demands that China makes structural reforms. Some of the US requirements and wishes are in line with China’s own interests. For instance, Washington asks Beijing to strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights, open up its economy to American enterprises in more fields and treat them on an equal footing. China is supposed to do all these to deepen reform and opening-up. Promoting these reforms through China-US negotiations is conducive to China’s development.

Talking about China’s structural reform, if going deeper, may touch upon issues concerning China’s core interests such asits social system and national security.

Trade relations have long been the solid footing of China-US relations, and also promoted the two countries’ economic development. It’s a proven fact that China’s development tallies with its national conditions. China-US trade can coexist with China’s orderly reform and independent development. China adhering to its core interests is in line with the basic rules of international relations. We believe the two countries will reach a consensus about these major principles.

More and more people are optimistic about China-US trade negotiations. People are aware of the current condition and believe the two countries will be rational rather than capricious.

China and the US couldn’t resolve all the disputes. But the consensus between the two countries’ leaders has provided the political and strategic momentum to overcome differences. Compared with 10 months ago when the conflict escalated, Beijing and Washington have fewer disputes today. Their wish to reach an agreement is also growing.

China and the US should be indomitable after these negotiations. A US delegation will come to China in mid-February to continue the consultations. More importantly, the two delegations should follow the timetable set up by President Xi and President Trump and remove all obstacles. Thus, China and the US will redefine a new model for a major power relationship in trade.

The Taojinshan Greenway in Luohu District will start a trial operation next month, according to the Shenzhen Municipal Urban Administration and Law Enforcement Bureau.

The greenway starts at the Cuihu community park, passes Buxin Hill and a former patrol route for border guards, and ends at Shawan Road, extending as long as 7.07 kilometers.

Sitting along the west side of Shenzhen Reservoir, the greenway has 13 scenic spots for residents to overlook natural landscapes and three stops for resting.

Of all the scenic spots, eight were designed to have interactive AI terminals available for visitors to obtain information on visitor flow, parking, tour guide services and more.

The smart greenway system will monitor and display real-time environmental data, such as the temperature, wind speed, air pressure, ultraviolet intensity, density of PM2.5 (fine polluting particles) and negative oxygen ion density. Moreover, the area will be covered by free Wi-Fi.

Additionally, the system can give visitors advance warning of inclement weather and natural disasters, including typhoon, thunderstorm, severe rainstorm, landslide and fire.

The greenway is also dotted with flowers and trees. Along with the hills and lake, residents can enjoy beautiful scenery.

Additionally, five unused guard posts along the old patrol route have been retained and serve as sightseeing platforms for visitors to feel the cultural spirit behind the place.

“The Taojinshan Greenway sits along the west side of Shenzhen Reservoir, and we have the Wutong Mountain Greenway on the east side. In the future, we plan to build a greenway network that surrounds the entire reservoir,” said Yang Shiming, head of the landscape department of the Luohu urban administration and law enforcement bureau.

Initiated in 2015 as part of the provincial greenway construction project, construction of the Taojinshan Greenway has taken good care of the ecological environment nearby, according to Yang, which is an important point stated in the city’s regulation on greenway construction.

The city’s first regulation on greenway construction, which was issued yesterday, stipulates construction principles, like requirements for public safety, service facilities and infrastructures.

It also highlights the role of technology in building a smart greenway in order to provide more convenience. In this regard, the regulation also offers suggestions and new ideas based on the experience of Singapore, Hong Kong, Guangzhou and Zhuhai.

Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, has stressed a sense of mission and dedication among Party members, officials and young people, in an instruction honoring late village official Huang Wenxiu.

Xi, also Chinese president and chairman of the Central Military Commission, expressed grief over Huang’s death and extended condolences to her family.

After completing her graduate studies, Huang gave up the opportunities to work in big cities and returned to her hometown, where she devoted herself to the cause of poverty alleviation, Xi noted in the instruction.

Xi stressed that Huang’s brilliant young life depicted how CPC members are staying true to the Party’s founding mission of seeking happiness for the Chinese people and the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. He urged Party members, officials and young people to learn from Huang, “remain true to the original aspiration and keep the mission firmly in mind, be brave enough to shoulder responsibilities and willing to show dedications, so as to make new and greater contributions in the Long March of the new era.”

After graduation from Beijing Normal University in 2016, Huang returned to her hometown Baise City in south China’s Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and served as an official with the publicity department of the Baise municipal committee of the CPC.

Since March 2018, she had been leading the poverty alleviation efforts in Baini Village, Leye County, as the village’s Party chief. A total of 418 villagers were lifted out poverty thanks to the efforts. Huang died in a rain-triggered flash flood at the age of 30 on June 17, 2019, while returning from Baise City to Leye County.

As the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China draws near, the big day is gaining growing attention. What has China achieved in seven decades? Have these accomplishments affected people’s lives? How should one view the problems that persist in Chinese society? These are people’s concerns.

The seven decades have brought about a sea change in China. Not only has the country attained development in the wave of all mankind’s progress, China has also narrowed the gap with developed countries, attracting worldwide attention. China has achieved leapfrog development. This should be an objective appraisal that every historical scholar would make.

But a country’s development not only exists as a grand historical narrative, but also breaks down into the perception of different generations and groups. It even appears as a collection of every individual’s specific life experiences and changes. Thus, the discussion of the country’s achievements becomes much more complex, constrained by various micro-level cognitions and feelings.

The most direct interface between national achievement and personal cognition is people’s livelihoods. It is certainly vital for a country to stimulate patriotism and display state power, but people’s livelihoods are more sustainable in shaping public attitudes.

The vast majority of the middle-aged in China fully affirm the nation’s revolutionary changes, especially since reform and opening-up. Meanwhile, young people, the most active generation on the internet, are incapable of measuring these transformations with their personal life experiences. But with broad horizons, they have witnessed Western people’s livelihood situation formed by those developed societies’ long-term accumulation. Their evaluation of people’s livelihoods is based on horizontal comparisons, rather than vertical.

Therefore, broadcasting China’s grand achievements may not work for the young facing various life challenges. What young people want is a decent job and an apartment. How many times China’s GDP has increased, what achievements have been made in national defense and technology, and even how much per capita income has risen hardly impresses them.

In fact, this is precisely one of the focuses of China’s governance. The state not only should help those facing difficulties to the hilt, but also needs to clarify that China is now unlikely to reach the welfare level of developed countries. The publicity of China’s achievements should be combined with objective explanation of the existing gap, making the public neither pessimistic nor unrealistic.

China has made huge progress in welfare and has realized initial modernization. Some people like to compare China with developed countries, especially Nordic countries, in terms of welfare. This can be used to suggest discontent in Chinese society with the status quo, but such a deviation from reality is undoubtedly obvious.

China is an outstanding developing country. We should always stick to this basic understanding.

China’s rapid development has provided more chances and social equity building has accumulated some institutional experience in the past few decades. Today’s Chinese society offers every citizen more freedom to choose their life path and a better environment for young people’s development than that of previous generations.

But how far an individual can go ultimately depends on his or her own efforts, unchangeable in any era. China’s achievements should be maximally infiltrated into individual cognition and feelings. Thus the country can efficiently connect macro and micro levels, and integrate each person’s interests in accordance with a “people-oriented” principle.

US President Donald Trump announced on his Twitter that the sanctions against Iran would soon be strengthened, accusing the country of violating the nuclear deal’s provisions long before it announced a gradual backtracking on its commitments under the international accord.

While Trump stated that the Iran nuclear deal is set to expire in “a short number of years”, it is in fact supposed to remain in place until 2030, unless the signatories withdraw from it earlier.

The threat of a new package of economic measures comes in the wake of Tehran’s announcements that the country has exceeded the limits on the volume of low-enriched uranium and on the enrichment grade that were previously set by the nuclear deal. Iran announced the step on the first anniversary of the US withdrawal from the deal, a move by Washington that led to the imposition of major sanctions on the Islamic Republic.

Tehran accused the remaining signatories, especially the European nations, of inability to protect the country from the American economic sanctions and stated that it would be gradually reducing its commitments until the issue is resolved. This week, the EU launched the INSTEX mechanism, which is designed to allow European firms to deal with Iran without fear of a US response, but Tehran stated this is not sufficient to save the nuclear deal.

The latest batch of US sanctions hit Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, those closest to him, and several military commanders on 24 June in what was initially announced as a response to the downing of an American drone over the Strait of Hormuz. The sanctions came after Washington abandoned the idea of a retaliatory strike, but Trump insists that they would have been imposed in any case.

The US president has repeatedly called on Tehran to engage in negotiations with Washington, saying that sanctions can be lifted as easily as they were imposed. However, Iran has rejected Trump’s offers, noting that it will not negotiate while under pressure, but would be ready to talk once the US starts respecting its international commitments, specifically under the nuclear deal.