BEIJING – Chinese President Xi Jinping and his Argentine counterpart Mauricio Macri on Friday exchanged letters with their views on bilateral ties, the Group of 20 (G20) Summit and the current economic and financial situation in Argentina.

In the letter, Xi said that Macri participated in the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation held in Beijing last year and paid a successful state visit to China.

The consensuses reached by the two sides during Macri’s visit has been effectively implemented, and exchanges and cooperation in various fields between the two countries have been steadily moving forward, Xi said.

Xi added that he highly values the development of China-Argentina relations and is willing to work with Macri to continue guiding the development of bilateral ties, steadily advance major projects and promote the China-Argentina comprehensive strategic partnership to a higher level.

China firmly supports Argentina’s G20 presidency for 2018 and is willing to strengthen coordination with Argentina to properly handle the tone and direction of the summit, stick to multilateralism, strengthen global governance, and build an open world economy, so as to make the summit a success, Xi said.

For his part, Macri said in his letter that the Argentina-China comprehensive strategic partnership has become increasingly close and achieved fruitful results.

Argentina fully supports jointly building the Belt and Road Initiative and is willing to enhance all-round cooperation with China, Macri said.

While holding the G20 presidency, Argentina will continue the consensus and results achieved at the 2016 G20 Summit held in the Chinese city of Hangzhou, he said.

Meanwhile, Macri briefed Xi on the economic and financial situation in Argentina, which has been facing economic difficulties. He also elaborated on measures taken to solve the problems.

Xi said some emerging markets including Argentina that were affected recently by external factors are facing new challenges to their domestic economic environment.

China firmly supports Argentina’s endeavors to maintaining its stability and development and is willing to provide assistance to its best capability, Xi added.

China believes that Argentina can overcome temporary difficulties and achieve long-term stable, heathy and sustainable development in its economy, Xi said, stressing that China has confidence in Argentina’s development and the future of bilateral ties.

Attendants wait for passengers at the Mombasa Railway Station in Mombasa, Kenya, on June 2, 2018. The Chinese-built Mombasa-Nairobi SGR of some 480 kilometers has attained an occupancy rate of over 95 percent while reducing the time between Kenya’s two biggest cities by half to five hours. An estimated 1.3 million Kenyans have commuted between Nairobi and Mombasa by the SGR train since its launch on May 31 last year. [Photo/Xinhua]

China will deepen security and defense cooperation with African countries to help them better tackle complex security issues ranging from piracy to epidemics, officials said on Tuesday.

Major General Hu Changming, director of the Office for International Military Cooperation under the Central Military Commission, made the remark at the opening of the first China-Africa Defense and Security Forum in Beijing. Representatives from 50 African countries and regional organizations attend the ongoing forum.

The history of Sino-African security cooperation dates to the mid-20th century, and the China-Africa security ties, which are win-win in nature, have become a major factor in maintaining regional peace and security, Hu said.

Boosting African countries’ own defense capability will provide a solid foundation for development of the Belt and Road Initiative and a community with a shared future for mankind. The Chinese military is willing to provide comprehensive support to help African nations improve their abilities to tackle security challenges, he said.

The support includes necessary equipment, technologies, personnel, strategic advice as well as medical, training and legal cooperation, Hu said. China will also continue to participate in peacekeeping, disaster relief, humanitarian aid and escort missions in partnership with and consensus from African nations.

Lieutenant General Brima Sesay, chief of defense staff of the Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces, said African countries highly value their military cooperation with China and are willing to strengthen exchanges and collaboration with the Chinese military.

China has consistently been providing military support across all military branches to African countries, and has recently expanded cooperation in addressing nontraditional security threats, such as diseases and natural disasters, Sesay said.

“China is a reliable, dependable partner and friend. It has reached out to African countries through cooperation based on respect and true friendship,” he said.

Colonel Ibrahim Yahye of the Somalia Air Force, said President Xi Jinping, as well as Chinese speakers at the forum, have emphasized truthfulness, honesty, closeness and sincerity in China-Africa relations, and “there are no hidden agendas or price”, he said.

Colonel Bana Segale Pilane, defense adviser at the embassy of the Republic of Botswana to China, said the Chinese military has much experience dealing with counterterrorism, piracy, peacekeeping and disaster management and aid. “I imagine China-Africa cooperation can only get better,” he said.

Futian Mangrove Ecological Park [Photo/IC]

GUANGZHOU — The city cluster in Guangdong province, an economic powerhouse in South China, has seen the rise of many urban wetlands, drawing large numbers of migratory birds and bird-loving citizens.

The provincial forestry bureau said the number of wetland parks in the Pearl River Delta, which houses one of China’s super city clusters, rose to 123 by the end of 2018 from just three in 2012.

It means half of the province’s wetland parks are now in this densely populated urban area, the bureau said. In China, wetlands are usually in the countryside or remote suburbs of cities.

In early May, several cities in the province are the sites of foraging waterside birds that are taking a rest in local wetland parks before continuing their seasonal migration.

In the Futian Mangrove Nature Reserve in Shenzhen, bird lovers can be seen training their cameras and telescopes on small waders meandering against the backdrop of high-rises.

As China’s only national nature reserve located in a city, Futian has polished Shenzhen’s fame as a paradise for migratory birds in recent years, officials said.

“Shenzhen has now become an important ‘transit station’ and ‘gas station’ for birds migrating on the Australia-Siberia route,” said Wang Mengqi, deputy chief of the Futian administration for the nature reserve.

Guangdong launched a campaign in 2013 to conserve and restore wetlands around cities, and the improved wetland ecosystem has been credited for purifying rivers, mitigating the urban heat island effect and enhancing the region’s appeal to investors.

A male Oriental pied hornbill prepares to feed his chicks hiding in a hole on a tree near Shiti village in Yingjiang county, Yunnan province. [Photo by CHEN LIANG/CHINA DAILY]

Bird guide He Zhengzhong made it very clear to his son and daughter that they should not use a slingshot to hit birds, though that was his favorite childhood pastime.

“Absolutely not now,” he said. “Especially when the kids have summer or winter breaks. No one can play with a slingshot. The birds are too precious.

“If you hit one bird in the spring, you will lose a whole nest of them when autumn comes,” he added, citing an old saying.

The 30-year-old makes a living as a guide for bird watchers who flock to his hometown, Shiti village, which borders Myanmar in southwestern China’s Yunnan province.

Statistics provided by the Yingjiang county bird watchers’ association show the village is home to over 400 types of birds, including several rare ones such as the gray peacock-pheasant, spot-bellied eagle-owl, and hornbills.

Being knowledgeable about the features and habitats of these rare birds, he has emerged as a much sought-after guide for professional nature photographers and bird watchers.

“The other day, I spotted several gray peacock-pheasants. I shared a video on my WeChat Moments page and many people contacted me afterward. I’ve been so busy lately,” he said.

Every day, He receives an average of 10 clients. He manages the No 2 “bird pond” near the village, and arranges for his clients to watch the birds and take photos from camouflaged positions. He uses worms and corn flour to attract the birds to the pond. Each client pays 60 yuan ($8.92) per day for a viewing spot.

One of He’s clients, Sun Xiaohong, is an avid nature photographer from Beijing. He visits Shiti once a month.

“It is the mating season now,” Sun said. “The birds are in full plumage and are rather active. Now is a great time to take photos.”

The viewing spots and bird ponds are planned out by the village and the county bird watchers’ association. Shiti has 40 spots for watching birds.

“We keep a certain distance between the spots,” said Ban Dingying, head of the association. “We try not to change them too much because conservation is the most important thing for us.

“The bird-watching activities are carefully managed so as to not disturb the avian population.”

If guides find that the birds are building nests, Ban said they will usually not disturb them until the nest is built.

Birding has brought in an increasing number of visitors to Shiti. Over 20,000 people visited the village last year, with the average visitor spending around a week there. Per capita annual income in the village grew from 2,000 to 8,000 yuan.

Situated at the southwestern tip of the Hengduan Mountains and the southern extension of the Gaoligong Mountains, Yingjiang county is home to a wide range of biodiversity. Forest coverage is over 73.9 percent, with more than 559 types of birds.

Since 2015, Yingjiang has hosted three bird-watching festivals. Rural tourism generated over 20 million yuan in earnings for the people, county statistics show.

The county government said environmental protection is a top priority. Pai Zhonghua, head of the village, said the village has a special ranger team to fight illegal logging, poaching and electric shock fishing.

Those who report activities that are damaging to the environment are awarded 200 to 2,000 yuan.

During the rainy season from June to September, when there are few visitors, He and his wife rest. However, they still insists on feeding the birds every day.

“I need to make sure they have enough to eat,” he said. “They give me a living. I should not treat them unfairly.”

Xinhua

Participants of the Great Wall-2019 International Forum on Counterterrorism watch boxing and kickboxing training programs of the People’s Armed Police Force’s Special Police College in Beijing on Tuesday. [Photo by FENG YONGBIN/CHINA DAILY]

The Armed Police Force is holding an international counterterrorism forum in Beijing to boost communication and cooperation in the fight against terrorism.

The five-day Great Wall-2019 International Forum on Counterterrorism opened on Tuesday at the APF’s Special Police College with more than 240 participants from the public security forces of 31 nations including France, Israel and Pakistan.

Lieutenant General Qin Tian, APF deputy commander, said at the forum’s opening ceremony that the event is intended to set up a platform for sharing and collaboration. It also aims to help participants improve their capabilities to respond to terrorist acts so they can better protect their national security and social stability.

“We will use an open attitude and practical moves to work with our colleagues from other countries to make this forum an occasion for international cooperation,” he said. “We wish for all participants to share their experiences with each other, make deep exchanges, learn from others’ successes and put together all of your strength to enhance your force’s capability to fulfill missions and safeguard the people,” Qin said.

The forum is focused on joint research on anti-terrorist tactics and measures, and the sharing of counterterrorism theories and accomplishments. It has a major focus on “special sniping” and is composed of five themed workshops. Participants will watch tactical shows by snipers and equipment displays, and will visit training facilities, according to the APF.

This is the third time the APF has organized the international counterterrorism forum. The first Great Wall forum was held in November 2016 at the Special Police College and the second in May 2018 at the same place.

Colonel Muhammad Kashif, head of the Pakistan Army’s Special Operations School, said the Great Wall forum has become a unique and outstanding occasion that offers opportunity for counterterrorism forces around the world to share their ideas and thoughts.

The Pakistani officer said he looks forward to communicating with colleagues and benefiting from such exchanges.

The APF said in a statement on Tuesday that it has been striving to strengthen its international communication through multilateral events for cooperation and mutual understanding and has received good responses from its counterparts in other nations.

In addition to the Great Wall forums, the APF has also staged two international contests for snipers since 2016.

Troops and equipment withdrawn from Chinese territory, officials confirm

India has withdrawn all its personnel and equipment back to its side of the Sino-Indian border after a 10-week intrusion into China’s Donglang area, the Foreign and Defense ministries confirmed on Monday.

The withdrawal, which took place at around 2:30 pm, was verified by Chinese personnel at the scene, Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying told a daily news conference in Beijing.

Since India’s intrusion in mid-June, China has lodged representations to India via diplomatic channels multiple times and told the international community the truth about the intrusion, expressed its solemn position and clear demands, and urged India to withdraw its border troops immediately, Hua said.

The Chinese military also took effective countermeasures to safeguard China’s territorial sovereignty and lawful rights, Hua said.

China will continue exercising its sovereign rights and safeguarding its territorial sovereignty in accordance with historical border agreements, the spokeswoman said, adding that Chinese border troops have continued patrolling and defending Donglang.

On June 18, Indian troops illegally crossed into the Sikkim sector of the China-India boundary and intruded into China’s Donglang area to block China’s road construction.

The Sikkim sector is the only delimited part of the boundary between the two countries, which was defined in the 1890 Convention Between Great Britain and China Relating to Sikkim and Tibet.

In early August, the Foreign Ministry issued a paper that made it clear Donglang is indisputably Chinese territory, and said India’s trespass violated China’s sovereignty and territory and the 1890 Convention as well as the basic principles of international law.

On Monday, Defense Ministry spokesman Wu Qian commented on India’s withdrawal, saying, We remind India to learn from this incident, to comply with historical border agreements effectively as well as the basic principles of international law, and work with China to maintain peace in the border region.

Sun Hongnian, a border researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said China and India solved the tension in the Donglang area through diplomatic efforts, which gives peace a chance.

Lan Jianxue, a researcher in South Asian studies at the China Institute of International Studies, said India made a wise choice because it realized that it would harm its interests if its personnel and equipment continued to stay in Donglang.

Editor’s Note: China is rolling out a major documentary series on its diplomatic principles, practices and achievements over the past five years. The English-language version of the program is also available on television and online. To help viewers better understand Chinese diplomacy, Xinhua is releasing a variety of reports that include anecdotes, clips from major speeches, facts and figures.

BEIJING – The following are a selection of keywords concerning China’s foreign policy and related explanations:

CHINA’S AFRICAN POLICY

In March 24, 2013, ten days after being elected president of China, Xi Jinping visited Africa on his first trip abroad as president.

Xi announced that China-Africa relations should be guided by sincerity, concrete results and good faith in a speech at the Julius Nyerere International Convention Center in Tanzania.

Friendship and cooperation between the two people has become symbols of China-Africa relations and are well received by the international community, said Xi.

CHINA’S NEIGHBORHOOD DIPLOMACY

After President Xi took office in 2013, China’s neighborhood diplomacy entered a new phase, one featuring amity, sincerity, mutual benefit and inclusiveness.

A good neighbor is not to be traded for gold, Xi famously said in 2013. China’s neighborhood diplomacy will not only benefit its neighboring countries, but will also contribute to the peace and prosperity of the region and the rest of the world.

In October, 2016, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte paid a four-day visit to Beijing, China. The visit presented an opportunity for relations between the two countries to restart on fresh, more positive footing.

Duterte’s visit, like those by Vietnam’s Prime Minister Nguyuen Xuan Phuc and Malaysia’s Prime Minister Najib Razak, indicates that cooperative relationships are now playing a leading role in regional diplomacy.

BEIJING – The draft law on national supervision was submitted for review at the ongoing bi-monthly session of the top legislature, according to a statement issued after a plenary meeting of the session Friday.

Zhang Dejiang, chairman of the National People’s Congress (NPC) Standing Committee, attended Friday’s meeting.

The legislation is aimed at deepening the national supervision system and forming a unified, authoritative and efficient supervision system, said Li Jianguo, vice chairman of the NPC Standing Committee, while making an explanation of the draft at the meeting.

China has begun to pilot the supervisory system reform in Beijing Municipality and the provinces of Shanxi and Zhejiang.

The pilot sees the establishment of local supervisory commissions at three levels – provincial, municipal and county – in order to form an integrated supervision system.

The draft was formulated based on pilot experience and in-depth research by the NPC Standing Committee and the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Communist Party of China, Li said.

A chairpersons’ meeting decided to submit the draft to lawmakers for review at the ongoing session, Li said.

NANCHANG — The local legislature of East China’s Jiangxi province appointed Yi Lianhong as vice governor and acting governor of the province at a session on Monday.

Yi, born in 1959, is a native of Hunan province. He worked in the provincial governments of Hunan and Liaoning before serving as Jiangxi’s vice Party chief in July this year.

The session accepted the resignation of Liu Qi, who became governor of Jiangxi in September 2016.

President Xi Jinping, who heads the National Security Commission (NSC), presides over a seminar on national security in Beijing, Feb 17, 2017. [Photo/Xinhua]

President Xi Jinping called on Friday for all-out efforts to improve China’s national security.

He told a national security seminar in Beijing that the government will strengthen its capability for safeguarding the country’s safety through the introduction of new technologies, equipment, laws, mechanisms and professionals.

Xi, also chairman of the National Security Commission, said security in politics, the economy, sovereignty, society and the internet are priorities.

He urged the government to enhance cyberspace security, asking for better protection of key infrastructure and more investment in core technologies.

Xi also asked government agencies to closely monitor security issues of the internet and big data and to respond to emergencies in a timely manner.

The president said the world is still witnessing multipolarization of geopolitics, economic globalization and democratization of international relations. China should continue to guide the international community toward a new order that is more just and reasonable.

He told officials to maintain their “strategic focus, strategic confidence and strategic patience” in dealing with national security affairs, no matter how the international situation changes.

Xi also asked officials to improve public security and to uproot the sources of conflict among members of the public. In addition, he said the government should take good care of national security professionals.

The seminar was held to solicit opinions and suggestions from those attending, to analyze the national security situation and to determine related measures, according to Xi.

Premier Li Keqiang and top legislator Zhang Dejiang, the two deputy heads of the NSC, were also at the meeting.

Guo Shengkun, public security minister, Zhang Yesui, vice-foreign minister, Jiang Chaoliang, Party chief of Hubei, and his counterpart in Xinjiang, Chen Quanguo, spoke at the seminar.

Strengthening national security has been one of Xi’s priorities since he became top leader in November 2012.

In November 2013, the National Security Commission was set up.

In April 2014, Xi published his vision for an overall national security outlook.

In May 2015, Xi met with members of national security authorities who were awarded decorations.

In July the same year, China enacted the National Security Law, which sets April 15 as National Security Awareness Day.