China-India relations are a complex mix of cooperation and competition. As the two largest emerging economies, their ties are of great significance to regional stability and even global development. After going through a turbulent phase, bilateral relations started to improve in 2018 and some speculated that there would be a new beginning for the world’s two most populous countries. However, despite increasing cooperation between the two sides, uncertainties and divergent opinions remain.

Global Times reporters Xie Wenting and Bai Yunyi (GT) talked to India’s new Ambassador to China, Vikram Misri (Misri), on India-China relations, economic and trade cooperation, the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and more.

GT: What is your top priority as Indian Ambassador to China? In which areas will India strengthen cooperation with China in 2019?

Misri: There are three areas that would be my leading priorities during my tenure. First is enhancing economic cooperation between India and China. Bilateral trade will cross the $100 billion mark this year. However, this figure includes a deficit of $58 billion for India and this deficit has been increasing over the years. Addressing this trade deficit would be one of my priorities because it is not really sustainable in the long term. We have been working with the Chinese side for ensuring greater market access to Indian agricultural products such as sugar and rice, as well as various fruits and vegetables, and are also closely cooperating with them for greater access to other products that are globally recognized as strengths of India, such as pharmaceuticals and IT. Progress has been made in some of these areas, but translating this progress into actual and sustained exports is important. We hope that in this regard, we will receive support from the Chinese side and expand our trade basket.

The second focus area for me would be to enhance people-to-people and cultural contacts. In 2018, the total number of travelers from China to India and vice versa added up to just 1 million, which is a minuscule number when we consider that our combined population is 2.6 billion. We need to change these figures and promote our countries as preferred tourist destinations for each other. This would be the best way to enhance trust and understanding between our two peoples and further strengthen our overall bilateral relationship. The year 2020 will mark the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between India and China and enhancing these exchanges would be an important component of the celebrations to commemorate this important anniversary.

The third focus area for me would be to promote cooperation between India and China in regional and global affairs. As two large and developing economies of Asia, India and China share common concerns and positions on many issues of regional and global importance such as climate change, energy security, counter-terrorism and the international trading system. We would like to further strengthen our cooperation in all these areas.

Tomb-raiding vandals have stolen the head of an 800-year-old mummified body known as “The Crusader” from a Dublin crypt, police and church officials said Tuesday.

Several other mummies including the 400-year-old remains of a nun were also “desecrated” in the incident at St Michan’s Church, whilst the burial chamber itself was “badly damaged,” the Church of Ireland said.

“I am shocked that someone would target this ancient burial place and desecrate the remains of those lying within it,” said Archbishop of Dublin Michael Jackson.

“I would appeal to those responsible to examine their consciences and return the head of The Crusader to its rightful place.”

“The Crusader” is so-called because he is believed to have perished during or shortly after participating in a campaign to capture the holy city of Jerusalem.

Because of his impressive height, the Crusader’s legs were broken and folded to fit his remains inside a coffin in the St Michan’s crypt.

The church – founded in 1095 – is a popular tourist attraction in the Irish capital.

According to local lore, during a visit to the vault author Bram Stoker found inspiration for his Gothic vampire horror Dracula.

The crypt was targeted by thieves overnight between Saturday and Sunday, police said.

The US obviously worries that Huawei, a dark horse in 5G, will make the country lose its leadership in 5G network and great national interests. The commercial interests concerned are more specific, and Cisco Systems would be the first to be affected.

Cisco has long been the major lobbyist to shut the door on Huawei. After the case of Huawei CFO Meng Wanzhou, Cisco sent an email to its staff, asking them to avoid non-essential travel to China.

Besides, if Huawei enjoys open market and fair competition in the US, other US high-tech giants including Apple and Qualcomm will be affected.

The major reason behind Huawei’s sufferings is security and political interests. It is not that Huawei’s products have security risks, but as Huawei rotating chairman Guo Ping said in an article in the Financial Times: “Huawei… hampers US efforts to spy on whomever it wants.” This is the foremost reason for Washington suppressing Huawei.

By now it is clear that the US attacks Huawei for its own interests. But can Washington act unscrupulously for its interests?

The US arrested Meng, filed criminal charges against Huawei, instigated the company’s partners to defect, and even threatened allies. All such methods reflect the notorious FUD strategy in high-tech – fear, uncertainty and doubt. Industry monopolies such as IBM and Microsoft used FUD to deal with weak competitors.

FUD intends to frighten competitors and their allies, and discourage people from buying competitors’ products. Finally, FUD helps companies maintain their monopoly.

The US government is using FUD because of its worldwide hegemony. Although it may violate law and ethics, Washington only needs to pay a little to win its interests. This is the driving force behind US suppression of Huawei.

Therefore, balancing costs and interests should be the right way to restrain the US government. The US’ impact on Huawei is obvious. Washington is also hurting the industrial chain and consumers, and even sabotaging innovation in technology. The Chinese government has maintained a firm stand. After all, it is the government’s responsibility to protect the basic rights of its citizens and enterprises.

Being dragged into a whirlpool, Huawei needs to consider the law as its weapon, and more importantly, carry forward in the spirit of entrepreneurship. Fair competition is the main battlefield for enterprises. No one wants to oppose governments, especially the powerful US establishment. However, Huawei has to face the problem squarely.

The root cause of Huawei’s success is its outstanding entrepreneurship and spirit to turn risks into chances. The statements of Huawei founder Ren Zhengfei and many other executives show the company’s spirit in the face of challenges.

The US’ moves run contrary to fair play and justice, and are doomed to fail. The European Commission ignored US calls to ban Huawei as it announced a series of 5G cybersecurity recommendations on Tuesday.

Fair competition and innovation are the best ways to usher in the 5G era. The spirit of the times is driving the human race toward a better future; such spirit will overcome all interference and sabotage. The US government should immediately stop using dirty tricks to take on Huawei.

Profitable Pastime

Dai came to Mozambique in 2014 from China’s Fujian Province. His first two years in the country left him with lots of down time, so in 2016, he began sharing his life on livestreaming sites after work or on weekends.

Dai’s account on Douyin, named “Little Fatty in Africa,” now has more than 1 million followers.

He makes videos on various subjects, including the local residents’ lives, the living environment in Mozambique and his daily contact with the local people.

“This week, I gave two bags of instant noodles my friend brought to me from China to my African buddy. They said that the noodles look like spaghetti and taste good, but were a little spicy for them,” Dai told the Global Times.

On the videos shared on Dai’s account, the two local residents ate the instant noodles, smiled and gave a thumbs-up.

“Africa is a mysterious place to many Chinese netizens. Maybe that’s why they watch my videos,” Dai said.

Satisfying Chinese netizens’ curiosity about Africa not only makes Dai’s life in Mozambique more interesting, but also makes him some extra income. He earned more than 20,000 yuan ($3,000) from 2016 to 2017 by sharing videos and livestreaming his life there.

“I’m not as famous as some other Chinese online hosts in Africa and I only make videos on weekends. Those with several million followers who livestream their lives every day can make a handsome income,” Dai said.

A Zhen (pseudonym), who lives in Rwanda and has more than 70,000 followers on his Douyu account, told the Global Times that he livestreams his life in the country every afternoon. In January, he worked for a total of 310 hours on Douyu.

Although he declined to tell his current salary, he said his income was better than when he used to work in China.

Before going to Rwanda three years ago, A Zhen worked as a mattress salesman in Central China’s Hubei and Hunan provinces. According to data from the National Bureau of Statistics, the average annual salary in Hubei in 2015 was 54,367 yuan.

It seems that the quick money livestreaming can bring is attracting more Chinese living in Africa to the industry.

A Zhen said that there are about 20 online hosts in Rwanda now – a phone, a bank card and a network card could make everyone an online host.

Chinese scientists have found a cheaper way to produce hydrogen energy by developing a new catalyst.

The catalyst was developed by scientists from the University of Science and Technology of China, who used an alloy to improve the activity and stability of a kind of precious metal catalyst.

The new catalyst can greatly cut the cost of hydrogen production through electrolysis of water compared with Iridium dioxide, a catalyst that is widely used in production, according to the researchers.

As a clean energy, hydrogen has huge potential in industries including new energy vehicles and electricity generation.

The research on the catalyst provides a new direction for other similar scientific issues, said Wu Yuen, head of the research team.

President Hassan Rouhani on Wednesday rejected the shock resignation of Iranian foreign minister Mohammed Javad Zarif.

Zarif, lead negotiator in the landmark 2015 nuclear deal with major world powers, at first gave no specific reason for his resignation, but later indicated that internal factional struggles might have forced his hand.

He previously told the Tehran-based news agency Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA) that he hoped his resignation could serve as a reminder to the Iranian Foreign Ministry to reclaim its “legal position” in maintaining foreign relations.

Rouhani said in a letter published by IRNA on Wednesday that Zarif’s resignation was “against the country’s national interests,” and rejected it, standing by his moderate ally.

Zarif’s resignation shed light on a schism between Iran’s hard-liners and moderates.

A senior Revolutionary Guards commander also previously said that Zarif was in charge of Iranian foreign policy and was supported by the Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

Zarif, a US-educated veteran diplomat, said in an Instagram post after Rouhani’s rejection on Wednesday that he “had no obsession except for elevation of foreign policy and honor of Foreign Ministry.”

However, the modest man received a malicious response from US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, who described Zarif and Rouhani as front men for a “corrupt religious mafia.”

Such an irresponsible comment will only fuel ongoing friction between Iran and the US, countries who penned the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action in 2015.

The US volte-face on the nuclear deal has undermined its implementation as Washington has continually provoked Tehran in recent years including reckless unilateral sanctions.

After the US walked out on the nuclear deal, China, Russia and the EU all showed their confidence in Iran.

China, a comprehensive strategic partner of Iran, called on all parties to uphold the nuclear deal.

“China is making its best efforts along with relevant parties, including Russia, to uphold the validity of the deal,” Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Lu Kang said on Tuesday.

“We believe this is conducive to peace and stability in the Middle East and the international nuclear non-proliferation system, and serves the shared interests of the international community.”

If Iran is abandoning the 2015 nuclear deal, years of multilateral diplomatic work will have been in vain and Iran’s hard-earned peace and stability will for sure be jeopardized once again.

The world cannot afford to see Iran copying North Korea by building a nuclear arsenal, as nuclear tests reverberate in the Middle East.

Founded in August 1998, Henan Xinxiang Chang Yuan Green Food Development Co., Ltd. covers an area of 400 Mu of land with total asset of 642.89 million RMB, including 553.94 RMB of fixed asset. It has more than 680 employees, including 105 professional technicians and 280 employees with college education background. Its main products include Chang Yuan series vegetable noodle, wheat flour, refined rice, frozen dumplings, grains, novel fruits, meat product and poultry products, which are sold well across the country and popular among consumers. The company has passed ISO14001, ISO9001, HACCP certifications and obtained green food mark for over 50 products. The company has won titles of national key leading agricultural industrialization enterprise, top 50 enterprises in Henan food industry and AAA credit enterprise for years by Henan Agriculture Bank for several consecutive years. Chang Yuan is identified as famous trademark in Henan, and its products are well-known by quality in Henan. The vegetable noodle has been listed in national Spark Program.

India seems to have a big struggle in its accelerating digital transformation process: data security – an area where China’s experience in managing a vast amount of data could offer a valuable lesson, analysts said.

Last week, another security lapse in Aadhaar, India’s vast biometric-based identity project, exposed as many as 6.7 million customers, according to tech news website TechCrunch.

Citing French security researcher Baptiste Robert, TechCrunch reported that the number included 5.8 million users of Indian gas company Indane.

Having enrolled over 1.22 billion Indians till November last year, Aadhaar, the government project has seen several breaches and multiple accounts of data leaks being reported in the past year, intensifying fears about its security, according to a report by Quartz India last December.

Via the project, Indian citizens provide their detailed personal information ranging from addresses and mobile phone numbers to iris scans for the Indian government. In turn, they can get a 12-number Aadhaar card for their unique identification.

In January 2018, Indian newspaper The Tribune said that access to any Aadhaar-holder’s demographic details could be purchased for just Rs500 ($7), although the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), the government body that administers Aadhaar, disputed the report.

“[Data leakage] may happen… but from my side I’m not concerned. After Aadhaar came into being, it has actually become easy for all citizens to access many government services online by using their Aadhaar number or fingerprint,” Abdul Haleem, a doctor in India, told the Global Times on Wednesday.

“The starting point for the Aadhaar system is to enhance India’s economic and social development. However, the process should be premised on strengthened protection of personal data, otherwise the project will be a failure or even turn into a monster,” said Li Aijun, a professor at the Beijing-based China University of Political Science and Law.

BEIJING, March 15 (Xinhua) — China will further cut the financing cost for small and micro firms by another one percentage point this year, Premier Li Keqiang said Friday.

Serving the real economy is the bounden duty of the financial sector, Li said at a press conference after the conclusion of the annual session of China’s national legislature.

“We need to encourage financial institutions to enhance their internal management system and provide more services to private companies and to small and micro firms to reduce financing cost,” Li said.

China will also pay attention to forestalling systemic financial risks. No new loans will be made to “zombie companies” which are no longer solvent, and illegal and non-compliant activities will be seriously dealt with, according to him.

“China is fully capable of forestalling systemic financial risks,” Li said.

The enhancement of financial services and prevention and forestalling of financial risks are mutually reinforcing, Li added.

Photography exhibition, Splendid China, officially kicked off with an opening ceremony at Beihai Park in Beijing on Monday. The exhibition, which aims to show “contemporary China and its traditional cultural development,” features 70 photos selected from 17,000 works submitted by photographers and another 20 commissioned photos from renowned professional photographers.

These photos depict China’s magnificent natural scenery, local folk customs, cultural heritage, as well as traditional arts and historical relics.

For example, one photo from well-known photographer Feng Kaiwen features four young girls dressed in colorful traditional Tibetan clothes in Yushu, Qinghai Province, while the highest building in Beijing, the CITIC Tower (known as the China Zun), is featured in a photo by Song Mingchang.

The exhibition is being held at two locations in Beijing: Beihai Park near the Forbidden City until January 6, 2019 and Yuyuantan Park in the Haidian district until January 20, 2019.